Sociology is a fascinating field of study. The subject matter on sociology can vary from family to the state, crime to religion, shared beliefs to common culture, division of race and social class or even stability to radical changes in the society and much more. Thus covering a wide range of topics.
Today sociology is a very diverse discipline with subfields that examine everything from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and social structure.
Sociologists employ a variety of research methods that are appropriate for different types of sociological questions. Although some sociologists do basic research (similar in many ways to scientific research), others may take a more applied approach. Applied sociologists work to resolve specific problems in our world today: they may help reduce prejudice in schools or work with businesses to improve productivity or assist with government agencies in planning an effective response to natural disasters.
To accomplish their research aims, sociologists develop theories – general explanations or understandings that integrate existing knowledge in new ways to help us understand the world – and analyse data. Their research often sheds light on important social problems such as inequality, prejudice and discrimination, health and illness, political power, aging, demographic trends, urbanisation, globalisation and social change.
Sociology offers a unique perspective on society’s most urgent issues. It is also an exciting discipline that explores the interactive nature of human behaviour. Sociology provides students with critical thinking skills useful for understanding contemporary society and its problems.